No. 4

Graphic works



Pavel Zaltzman
Born in Kishinev, Moldavia in 1912, Zaltzman spent most of his childhood in Odessa.  He was quite young when he started to paint and was considered to be a very gifted artist.  He moved to Leningrad when he was 18 years old where he came under the influence of avant-garde artist Pavel Filonov. Filonov was one of three main figures in art during this period, along with Vasily Kandinsky and Kazimir Malevich. He was known for his School of Analytical Art, in which he taught his students to look for each object's inner law of nature, and to analyze and depict the objects' very essence. Zaltzman was very close to Filonov's school, and the influence on Zaltzman can be seen in his work throughout his life.
Zaltzman studied at the Leningrad film school and together with the entire school moved to Kazakhstan during the blockade on Leningrad in World War II. In Alma Ata, capital of Kazakhstan, he worked in a movie studio as a set designer and taught art and art history at the art school. 
Because he was  cut off  from the center of the country, the hub of artistic activity, he held onto the earlier influences of his life. From an artistic point of view, he was unlike the 'official artists' who painted in the nationalist style, and his removal from the center enabled him to work with a bit more latitude. At the same time, because of his remoteness, he was never known outside the Soviet Union.
Zaltzman resided in Alma Ata until he died in 1985. 


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